Skip to main content

Beadwork Technique Tips

Even though some people may think of beadwork (the making of perfectly round icing dots) as a minor icing detail, I like to think of it as a full-fledged decorating technique. Why the extra attention? Well, partly because I love dots and I use them a lot (the photo below is testament to my dot fetish); but also because beadwork is one of the trickier techniques for beginners.





People too often get frustrated because of peaks, or dots bleeding into nearby dots, or general lack of picture-perfect roundness. But as the tips below will show you, there's really no reason to fret over dots. Success lies primarily in icing consistency and how you handle your parchment cone (or pastry bag).

What you’ll need for beadwork:

  • As many gingerbread or sugar cookies as you want to decorate
  • Enough royal icing to detail these cookies (allow at least 1/2 cup for practice, to start)
  • Liqua-gel (aka soft gel) food coloring of your choice
  • Water, for thinning icing
  • Powdered sugar, for thickening icing, as needed
  • A few parchment pastry cones (or pastry bags fitted with round metal tips)


1 | Fill a parchment pastry cone about half to two-thirds full with royal icing that has been tinted a color of your choice and then thinned to beadwork consistency (about 2 to 3 teaspoons water per cup of my thick Royal Icing "glue", recipe here). You're looking for the icing to flow somewhat steadily off the spoon, as shown in the second photo, below. Some cookiers use second-rule counts to gauge if they're at the right consistency, but I never do. I find a quick test-run of the icing, which I'm about to describe in Step 2, gives you all the info you need, and is much more accurate in practice.


Cut a small (1/16-inch or more) hole straight across the tip of the cone. (It’s best to start with a small hole and later cut a bigger one if your dots end up too small.) Alternatively, place the icing in a pastry bag fitted with a small round tip.

2 | Before you start piping dots willy nilly, test the icing flow and bead size and shape on a surface other than your cookie(s). Hold the bag at a 90-degree angle to your work surface, with the tip of the bag almost touching the surface (third photo, below), and apply just enough pressure from the grip to create a dot. Continue to apply pressure until the dot reaches the size you want. Stop applying pressure and abruptly pull up the bag to break the icing flow. Icing of the proper consistency should settle into a perfectly round dot on its own, even if it starts out with a tiny peak on top, as shown on the last dot in the fourth photo. Pipe a few more dots in a row.

3 | Give the dots a little time to settle into their final size/shape. If you're happy with the dots, then repeat Step 2 on your cookie(s). If not, read my Additional Tips, below.

Additional Tips: If your dots end up with peaks that don't settle out, it’s simply because your icing is too thick. Thin it with a touch more water and try again. If your dots have no peaks but don’t look quite round, check to make sure you’ve cut the tip on your parchment pastry cone straight across, or use a round metal tip in a pastry bag. (Holes cut at an angle can lead to irregular shapes.) If that doesn’t work, be sure you’re holding the parchment pastry cone or pastry bag at a 90-degree angle to the cookie. Again, piping at some other angle can lead to oval shapes.

If your dots flow into one another and that's not a look you want (I usually don't), space them further apart, or thicken the icing with powdered sugar so it spreads less when it hits the work surface.

It’s also useful to know how to control dot size. For very tiny dots (that is, pinprick size), work with a parchment pastry cone, as you’ll always be able to get a smaller dot than with the smallest of standard size pastry tips. Cut a barely perceptible hole in the tip of the cone, apply a small amount of pressure, if any, to the top of the bag, and you’re done. To make larger dots, there are essentially three things you can do: (1) apply more pressure, (2) cut a bigger hole in your cone, and/or (3) loosen the icing. Though if you loosen the icing much beyond beadwork consistency, watch out! The icing will spread further once it hits the cookie and dots can run together.

For more tips on beadwork and a wide array of other borders, check out Lesson 16 in my video series, available on DVD here.


Photo Credits: First photo by Julia M. Usher; all others by Steve Adams for Julia M. Usher's Ultimate Cookies (Gibbs Smith, Publisher, copyright 2011)


Images (4)
  • My Dot Fetish: Cookies and Photo by Julia M Usher
  • Icing at Beadwork Consistency: Photo by Steve Adams
  • Touching Down at a Right Angle: Photo by Steve Adams
  • Lifting Up to Break the Icing Flow: Photo by Steve Adams

Add Comment

Comments (8)

Newest · Oldest · Popular

Hi Julia!  Thank you for this post (and for creating this website, I love it)!  I'm a total newbie to decorating and am learning by reading all the wonderful cookier blogs and watching "tons" of youtube videos! yikes!     I also have the "point" issue, so yes, I thinned down my icing to where the dots would smooth out.  However, when they dried, there was a hole in the middle of the dot!  ugh!  Can you tell me what happened?  Air bubble I figured, but in almost all of them?  I did a round cookie with the dot border.    Thank you so much! 

Hi, Ilovedessertsbyterri, the hole is an example of infamous cratering, which often impacts small spaces. I sometimes get it with large dots when I've loosened the icing too much and it takes too long to dry before the icing sinks back on itself. Try thickening the icing a touch and do a test run on something other than a cookie to make sure it's setting properly. This works 99.9% of the time for me.

Hi Julia!  I found this post by searching "bead border."  I would like to learn how to pipe a continuous line of beads, where each "bead" is a teardrop shape, so that the finished beads appear to connect.  Can you recommend any resources for learning this technique?

Zooks posted:

Hi Julia!  I found this post by searching "bead border."  I would like to learn how to pipe a continuous line of beads, where each "bead" is a teardrop shape, so that the finished beads appear to connect.  Can you recommend any resources for learning this technique?

No, but a connected beaded border is an easy extension of this idea, except that I typically use a thicker icing, closer to my outlining consistency, so the beads don't merge together. I hold the tip at a 45 degree angle to the cookie, press continuously to form a small bead, then release pressure while pulling back to create a tail; then repeat this process all the way around the cookie, overlapping the tail with the next bead, without lifting the cone. Granted, it's easier to see done, but hopefully this gives you the general idea.

Perhaps someone else knows of another video.

Link copied to your clipboard.